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BINAPE

(Peru National Library Unfinished Building, 2003-2004)

 

 

From 1996 to 2004 the unfinished building designed for the National Library of Peru, was a terrain-vague example, as many other architectural expressions in Lima, of the uncertain features of the city growth.

This building was felt by the research team, as a symbol of the lack of governmental policies for cultural and educational support. In that sense it is a important place to signal.

 

 

FIRST DIAGNOSIS TO ANALYZE THE STRUCTURE OF THE BUILDING

  • BUILDING SITUATION
    -Unfinished architecture: terrain-vague
    -Suspended architecture
  • RESEARCH PROCESS
    First encounter with the work space:
    -Making empirical archaeology: first findings
    -Steps for a relationship with the building structure: the reuse of the furniture found in the building sets the first standards for a first establishment. The construction of a space that can approach a category of “territory”, occurs by real necessities before factors referred by aesthetics.
  • URBAN CONTEXT WHERE BUILDING IS LOCATED
    It is located next to the National Museum and a high-speed avenue
  • PRESENT CONJUNCTURE
    Physical works continuation for the building conclusion

 

PROJECT

  • PROJECT SYNTHESIS
    Research and intervention on the spaces of the new Peru´s National Library (BINAPE) building: a initiative of an interdisciplinary group of professionals which work and reflect around architecture, urban planning and the Lima city, from non conventional and unpublished perspectives, looking to take part in high significant architectural spaces as a reflection of the possible uses for a new sense and significance.
  • WHY TO CHOOSE THE NEW LIBRARY BUILDING?
    The election of the building destined to the new National Library occurs by its particular situation of construction in unfinished state. It is the time that is lengthy the work, which constitutes his particular situation, that has a particular tuning with the current absence of structural support towards the culture and the historical patrimony of the nation by Peruvian governments alongside the XX Century.

 

ACTUAL CONTEXT AND PURPOSE

The construction of the new building began in 1996 and it became paralyzed some months later. The work start again at the beginnings of the 2004, as part of a campaign to finish the building. For near seven years the building turn into a terrain-vague in the middle of the city. Because of that, we evaluated the importance of capitalizing the physical structure already constructed, for aims strictly of interdisciplinary academic research and thus of producing a proposal of intervention and collective use of the building in its present state. All this from contemporary methodologies from the architecture and the art.

 

 

OBJECTIVES

Generate a misé-en-scene of the architectonic structure of the National Library new building with an interdisciplinary site-specific research, that raises a public revaluation of such space for cultural events and contemporary art addressing new audiences and new cultural dynamics -in a different way than traditional local contemporary culture manners.

SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES:

First stage:
-Laboratory and workshop: diagnosis of potentials within the library space, as a structure for multiple uses (cultural purposes among them)
-Impact evaluation and recognition of the social and environmental surroundings of new library building (school of architects, National Museum, a near shopping center and commercial area)

Second stage:
-Intervention proposal for a use space.
-A strategic partners integration for a campaign from an event that uses these facilities of the building , occurring from already an appropriation of territory of the new library building for new use issues, also as library.

 

METHODOLOGY

First stage:
-Exploration and evaluation of the potentialities of the building
The diagnosis of this structure will raise the evaluation to us of the possibilities of interrelation of different sectors from the civil society, government and community, as much from the academic sector (and of investigation), cultural organizations and the enterprise sector, for the generation of the intervention proposal.
-This proposal from a non-conventional view on the architecture, looks to interpret the rolls of the library like “nations memory deposit”, with contemporary cultural practices. The purpose at the same time, looks for a new evaluation and understand of the present live culture forms as patrimony in a changing world: From the present to revalue the traditional thing.


Second stage:
-Proposal for a temporary intervention and public event
This proposal will consist of an exposition of public cultural events, in which the construction of microevents and situations, will show the building possibilities. This event need a group of collaborating institutions that will provide a support.

 

RESEARCH TEAM

Guillermo Takano (architect)
Ricardo Huanqui (architect)
Isaac Silva (artist)
Paola Cabrera (artist)
Sandro Angobaldo (architect)
Karen Takano (architect + teacher)
Alan Poma (artist, musician, cultural manager)
Carlos Leon (anthropologist, artist)

 

LINKS

ArteCidade (Sao Paulo, Brasil)

Caracas Urban Think Tank (Caracas, Venezuela)

 

 

projects and skizzes for site interpretations and new cultural facilities

 

Guillermo Takano: rooftop proposal (renderings)

panoramic view from a skyscraper of the block houses area of Torres de San Borja (San Borja Towers). The building rooftop offers an unique space for a garden (in a city where never rains).

(detail of the building west side)

 

 

Karen Takano and Ricardo Huanqui: des(h)echo garden

PUBLIC SPACE: informative topography (renderings)

the word des(h)echo has two meanings: the first refers to the waste concept. Desecho which in English means “trash”. The other meaning is to undo; deshecho, comes from the Spanish verb deshacer –to undo-, it also deals with the peruvians building practice: to build step by step with a reduced amount of money, specially in Lima’s peripheric zones.

 

(detail of the garden-balcony-roof)

 

 

 

a concept by Carlos Leon: politeca

more than a traditional library, POLITECA joints a cultural center with workshop spaces, restaurant, a library with reading spaces on the rooftop (with gardens), dance area, video facilities and more. POLITECA is a design for a cultural space focused in contemporary culture, which also host services for the surrounding neighbourhoods (In this case, the block houses of Torres de San Borja).

POLITECA deconstructs the traditional library, and thinks itself as a big creative factory for people from all ages.

 

(a design for the building)

 

 

Guillermo Takano: structure transformation (renderings)

no walls between the street and the building. With this idea, and deconstructing the original plan for the National Library, Guillermo Takano, plans a structure that appears like emerging from a dune.